Can Snakes Climb? 7 Different Surfaces That Snakes Can Climb

When picturing a snake, our minds often conjure up images of these slithering reptiles gliding effortlessly along the ground. 

However, there is a pervasive myth that snakes are strictly limited to navigating the ground. Is there any truth to this myth, or can snakes climb?

Snakes can indeed climb! They use a combination of muscular body movements and specialized scales to grip different surfaces. They can climb different surfaces, including stairs, brick walls, fences, trees, mesh wire, and even smooth surfaces like glass windows, thanks to their amazing adaptations.

Keep reading to learn more about how snakes are able to climb different surfaces and why they do it.

Can Snakes Climb?

a photo of a snake climbing to show can snakes climb

Snakes are indeed capable climbers, with various species demonstrating impressive abilities to navigate vertical surfaces. While not all snake species are adept climbers, many have evolved unique adaptations that enable them to conquer diverse terrain.

It’s worth noting that while snakes are impressive climbers, their climbing capabilities can vary among species depending on their habitat and specific adaptations. Nonetheless, their ability to conquer a wide range of surfaces showcases their remarkable adaptability and survival skills.

How Do Snakes Climb?

Snakes employ a combination of unique adaptations and movement techniques to climb effectively. To help you understand, here’s a simple overview of how they accomplish this impressive feat:

  • Muscular Body: Snakes have a long, flexible body that allows them to navigate and coil around objects during climbing. Their muscles provide the necessary strength and control for gripping surfaces.
  • Scales: The scales covering a snake’s belly, known as ventral scales, play a crucial role in climbing. These specialized scales have tiny, hooked projections called spines or keels that provide enhanced traction on various surfaces.
  • Concertina Movement: When climbing uneven surfaces, snakes often use a movement technique called concertina locomotion. They anchor their ventral scales against irregularities on the climbing surface and push their body forward, creating a loop-like motion. This movement enables them to traverse obstacles, such as tree trunks or rocks.
  • Sidewinding: Some snakes, particularly those living in sandy or loose substrate environments, employ a technique called sidewinding. They move by lifting their body in a series of lateral curves, allowing them to move across loose surfaces like sand while minimizing slipping.
  • Prehensile Tail: Certain tree-dwelling snake species possess a prehensile tail, which acts as an additional grasping appendage. The tail can wrap around branches, aiding in stability and providing extra support during climbing.
  • Body Shape and Size: The body shape and size of a snake influence its climbing abilities. Slender and agile species tend to be more adept at navigating thin branches or narrow crevices, while larger and heavier snakes may face challenges on more delicate structures.

Why Do Snakes Climb?

Snakes climb for various reasons, driven by their survival instincts and ecological requirements.  So, let’s take a look at some of the common reasons why snakes engage in climbing behavior:

  • Hunting and Feeding: Climbing allows snakes to access new hunting grounds and expand their food sources. Tree-dwelling species, for example, climb to capture birds, eggs, or small mammals that inhabit the branches. By climbing, snakes can reach prey that may be otherwise inaccessible on the ground.
  • Escaping Predators: Climbing serves as a means of escape from potential predators. When threatened, snakes can quickly ascend trees, rocks, or other elevated structures to evade danger and seek safety in elevated hiding spots.
  • Territory Expansion: Some snakes climb to explore and expand their territory. By scaling trees or navigating rocky surfaces, they can occupy new areas, find potential mates, and establish their presence in different habitats.
  • Temperature Regulation: Climbing allows snakes to regulate their body temperature effectively. By moving to higher or lower positions, they can access warmer or cooler microclimates, depending on their thermoregulatory needs. This behavior helps snakes maintain their optimal body temperature for digestion, growth, and overall metabolic function.
  • Mating and Reproduction: Certain snake species engage in climbing during the mating season. Males may climb to locate females and engage in courtship rituals. Tree-dwelling snakes, for instance, may coil around branches while courting and mating.
  • Shelter and Resting Sites: Snakes often climb to find suitable shelter and resting spots. Trees, rock crevices, and elevated structures offer protection from predators, favorable microclimates, and a secure place to rest and digest their meals.

What Are Different Surfaces That Snakes Can Climb?

Snakes possess remarkable climbing abilities, allowing them to navigate a wide range of surfaces. Here are some examples of different surfaces that snakes can climb:

  • Stairs: Snakes can climb stairs by utilizing their muscular bodies and gripping scales. They coil their bodies around the steps and push themselves upward, using their scales to gain traction.
  • Brick Walls: Some snake species can climb brick walls, thanks to their ability to anchor their scales against the rough texture of the bricks. By utilizing their strong muscles and gripping scales, they can move vertically along the wall.
  • Fences: Snakes are adept at climbing fences, especially if the surface provides enough grip. They use their muscular bodies and specialized scales to wrap around the fence, enabling them to move upward or traverse horizontally.
  • Trees: Tree climbing is one of the most well-known abilities of snakes. With their muscular bodies and prehensile tails, tree-dwelling snakes can coil around branches and maneuver through the tree canopy.
  • Rocks: Certain snake species, such as the Rattlesnake and the Black Rat Snake, can climb rocks and navigate uneven surfaces. They employ their muscular bodies and strong scales to anchor themselves against the irregularities of the rocks.
  • Glass Windows: While not all snakes can climb glass, some species like the Asian Vine Snake possess specialized adaptations that enable them to climb smooth surfaces. By exerting pressure against the glass and using their scales, they can create enough friction to climb vertically.
  • Mesh Wire: Snakes can also climb mesh wire or fences with small openings. They insert their bodies between the wires and use their muscles and scales to grip the wire, allowing them to climb or move horizontally.

If you’re having trouble picturing what a snake climbing looks like, here’s a quick video showing a snake climbing up the stairs:

It’s important to note that the climbing ability of snakes can vary depending on their size, body shape, and specialized adaptations. While some surfaces may pose challenges for certain species, snakes exhibit remarkable adaptability and can navigate diverse environments.

What Are Some Surfaces That Snakes Can NOT Climn?

While snakes are impressive climbers, there are certain surfaces they typically struggle to navigate. Here are some examples of surfaces snakes generally cannot climb:

  • Smooth, Vertical Surfaces: Snakes may find it challenging to climb surfaces that lack texture or irregularities, such as smooth glass windows or polished metal walls. Without sufficient grip provided by their scales, climbing such surfaces becomes difficult.
  • Slippery Surfaces: Snakes may have difficulty climbing surfaces that are extremely slippery, like wet or icy areas. The lack of friction makes it hard for them to maintain traction and secure footing.
  • Submerged or Underwater Surfaces: Snakes are adapted for terrestrial and arboreal environments, and most species are not adapted for swimming or climbing underwater surfaces. They are not equipped to navigate underwater or submerged structures.
  • Very Narrow Gaps: Snakes require enough space to maneuver their bodies during climbing. Extremely narrow gaps or crevices that do not allow them to stretch or coil their bodies properly can impede their climbing ability.
  • Surfaces with Steep Overhangs: Snakes rely on their gripping scales and muscular movements to climb. Surfaces with steep overhangs or acute angles may pose challenges as the snake’s body weight can hinder its ability to maintain grip.

Can Snakes Still Climb in A Wet Environment?

While a wet surface may pose some challenges, snakes have adaptations that allow them to climb effectively even in such conditions.

For instance, snakes have strong muscles that enable them to maintain grip and propel themselves forward when moving on a wet surface, and the scales covering their bodies, including their ventral scales, help provide better traction. 

Some snake species also possess scale adaptations that aid climbing in wet conditions. For instance, keeled scales have small ridges that can help increase friction and provide a better grip on various substrates, such as wet branches or slippery rocks.

Can Snakes Go Down Drains?

Some snake species, particularly those that are slender and agile, may be capable of entering drains if they find a suitable entry point. However, it is not a common occurrence as the narrow and confined spaces of drains can make it challenging for snakes to navigate through them.

It is important to take precautions to prevent snakes from entering drains by ensuring proper drainage systems, covering drain openings with mesh or grates, and promptly addressing any issues that could attract snakes to the area.

Can Snakes Go Up Toilets?

While it is possible for snakes to enter toilets, such incidents are extremely rare. 

Snakes have been known to make their way into toilets through plumbing systems or open pipes. This occurrence is more common in regions where certain snake species coexist with human settlements. 

However, it is essential to note that such incidents are highly uncommon and should not be a major cause for concern. Taking preventive measures like keeping toilet lids closed and ensuring proper plumbing maintenance can minimize the chances of snakes entering toilets. 

If you do encounter a snake in your toilet, it is recommended to contact local wildlife or pest control authorities for assistance in safely removing it.

Which Snake Species Are the Best Climbers?

Several snake species have exceptional climbing abilities. Here are some snake species known for their climbing prowess:

  • Green Tree Python (Morelia viridis): These arboreal snakes are highly skilled climbers. With their prehensile tails and specialized belly scales, they can grip onto tree branches and move effortlessly among the canopy.
  • Emerald Tree Boa (Corallus caninus): Similar to Green Tree Pythons, Emerald Tree Boas are superb climbers. Their muscular bodies and prehensile tails enable them to coil around branches and traverse tree tops.
  • Asian Vine Snake (Ahaetulla prasina): These slender, tree-dwelling snakes are excellent climbers. They use their long bodies and powerful muscles to navigate thin branches and even scale vertically on slender plants.
  • Black Rat Snake (Pantherophis obsoletus): Known for their climbing abilities, Black Rat Snakes can ascend trees and maneuver along branches with ease. Their strong muscles and gripping scales aid in their climbing proficiency.
  • Rattlesnakes (Crotalus spp.): Certain rattlesnake species, such as the Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake (Crotalus adamanteus), are skilled climbers. They can climb rocks and navigate uneven surfaces using their muscular bodies and specialized scales.
  • Brown Tree Snake (Boiga irregularis): Native to Australia and Papua New Guinea, Brown Tree Snakes are excellent climbers. They can scale trees, fences, and other vertical structures with their muscular bodies and gripping scales.

It’s important to note that climbing abilities can vary within species, and factors such as habitat and body size may influence the extent of their climbing skills. Nonetheless, these species demonstrate remarkable adaptability and agility in their climbing behaviors.


In conclusion, snakes possess remarkable climbing abilities that allow them to conquer a variety of surfaces and environments. 

While not all snake species are proficient climbers, those with specific adaptations have honed their skills to scale vertical heights. From tree-dwelling species like the Green Tree Python and Emerald Tree Boa to rock-climbing experts like certain rattlesnake species, these serpents exhibit astonishing adaptability and agility. 

Their muscular bodies, specialized scales, and unique locomotion techniques enable them to navigate trees, rocks, fences, and even smooth surfaces like glass or mesh wire. 

The diverse range of climbing abilities displayed by snakes showcases their incredible adaptability and survival strategies in conquering their surroundings. These remarkable reptiles continue to intrigue and fascinate us with their ability to defy gravity and explore the world from unexpected perspectives.

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